Places in India that lies on International Border
India is the seventh largest country in the world and shares its border with Afghanistan, China, Pakistan, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. It has a land border of 15200 Km and Coastline border of 7500 Km. There are some beautiful and historical towns and villages that are located on the border of India and its neighboring countries. Here is a list of villages and towns in India that are located on International Border.
1: Attari – Punjab: Attari village is located in Amritsar District of Punjab which is one of the important tourist destinations in North India and sacred city of Sikhs. Attari village is just 3 km away from Pakistan border and is famous for its “Beating Retreat ceremony” in which Border Security Force (India) and Pakistan Rangers (Pakistan) participate. It is important to note that Indian name of the border is Attari and not Wagah. Wagah village lies in Pakistan and not in India. The Attari Railway station also acts as the main station for customs and immigration check of “Samjhauta Express”.
2: Chitkul- Himachal Pradesh: Chitkul Village is located in Kinnaur Valley of Himachal Pradesh and it is the last village on India-China (Tibet) border. Going further is not permitted without special permission. Kagyupa Temple in Chitkul is a very famous Buddhist temple and it has a highly valued image of the Shakyamuni Buddha. Chitkul is also famous for its potato which is very costly and one of the best in the world.
3: Longewala-Rajasthan: Longewala Village lies in Rajasthan and it is famous for the “Battle of Longewala” that took place during the India-Pakistan war of 1971. With only 120 soldiers to fight against 2000, Indian Army fought bravely on this front and completely destroyed Pakistani attack. Final casualties were 2 soldiers dead and one jeep destroyed on Indian side compared to 200 solders of Pakistani Army and 34 tanks lost. Battle of Longewala was featured in 1997 movie Border. This village is also famous for “Tanot Mata” Temple and during the war of 1965 with Pakistan, Pakistani army dropped several bombs on this temple but neither any bomb fell on the temple nor any bomb lying nearby exploded.
4: Dhanushkodi – Tamil Nadu: Dhanushkodi is a small town located on Pamban Island of Tamil Nadu and managed under Ramanathapuram District. Pamban Island is just 50km away from Sri Lanka. The city of Rameswaram, which is one of the holiest places of Hindus and part of Char Dham yatra is very close to Dhanushkodi. Pamban Bridge connects Pamban Island to the mainland of India. It is said that pilgrimage to Kashi (Varanasi) is not complete without worshiping at Rameswaram. Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, former President of India was born here.
5: Hussainiwala – Punjab: Hussainiwala village lies in Firozpur District of Punjab and on the banks of River Sutlej. Hussainwala is famous for “National Martyrs Memorial” and it is a place where Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru were cremated on March 23, 1931. Later on Batukeshwar Dutt (Involved in Bombing with Bhagat Singh) and Vidyawati (Mother of Bhagat Singh) were also cremated here. Batukeshwar Dutt specially mentioned in his will that he should be cremated at the same place where Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru were cremated. Every year on 23rd March “Shaheedi Mela” is observed at National Martyrs Memorial.
Must Read: List of Freedom Fighters of India.
6: Moreh – Manipur: Moreh village lies in Chandel district of Manipur and in local Burmese language it means “I’m tire”. Moreh is an important commercial hub at the eastern end of India and it is growing rapidly. There is “Indo-Myanmar Friendship Gate” that connects India and Burma.
7: Malda – West Bengal: Malda Town is also known as Mango City of India and it is famous for its Mulberry, Jute, and Silk products. Malda district is one of the greenest districts with lush green flora. Apart from natural vegetation, Neem, Jackfruit trees, tamarind, bamboo, pipul and mango trees can be seen in abundance. One interesting fact about Malda district is that it celebrates its Independence day on 17th August as till 15th August 1947 it was not sure if the district would go to India or Pakistan. Malda District has first women court in India which was inaugurated in January 2013.
8: Sunauli- Uttar Pradesh: Sunauli Village lies in Gorakhpur district of Uttar Pradesh and it is one of the important entry points between India and Nepal. To cross-border form any side you need to get clearance from immigration office and get your passport stamped. The best thing is that if you are an Indian citizen then you don’t need any passport or visa. A simple voter Id or Ration Card would work. Sunauli is very close to Gorakhnath Mandir situated in Gorakhpur.
9: Lakhpat Town- Gujrat: Lakhpat is a small town in Kachchh district of Gujrat and very close to the Pakistani border. The word Lakhpat means millionaire and in past, the city was a major trade center but was ruined by the Muslim Invasions in India and Earthquake that caused Indus River to change its flow. There is an 18th Century fort that marks a 7km border with Pakistan. Pir Ghaus Muhammed Tomb and Lakhpat Gurudwara Sahib are major tourist attractions of this place.
10: Jaigaon – West Bengal: Jaigaon is a municipal town situated in Alipurduar district, West Bengal. It is situated on the banks of Torsa River and in between lush green Himalayan Mountain. This city is also regarded as the “Gateway to Bhutan” and links north-eastern states of India. Bus and car facility is available up to India- Bhutan border. Famous “Buxa Tiger Reserve”, situated in Alipurduar District has a status of National Park and home to Bengal Tigers is very close to Jaigaon.
11: Bhairabkunda – Assam: Bhairabkunda is a famous picnic spot in Udalguri district of Assam. This town is also famous as it lies on the confluence of Jampani River and Bhairabi River which finally merges with Brahmaputra River. A dam has been constructed on Dhanshiri river and it also serves as another spot for amusement. One more reason for which Bhairabkunda is famous is that it lies on the border of Arunachal Pradesh and Bhutan.
12: Dawki – Meghalaya: Dwaki is a small town located in Jaintia Hills district of Meghalaya. It is located on the border of India-Bangladesh and serves as a major route for coal transportation to Bangladesh. Famous for its water resources and lakes there is Dawki Bridge built by Britishers which is a suspension bridge over the Umngot River.
13: Minicoy- Lakshadweep: Minicoy is the southernmost island of Lakshadweep. Meaning of Minicoy is “women only” island. Famous for its beautiful beaches, the population of the island is only 9000. Length of the island is 10 km with the width varying from 6 km to 8 km.
14: Mana Village- Uttarakhand: Mana Village is last Indian Village that lies of India-China Border. From Mana Village, the Border of India and China is just 24km away. Mana Village is 4km ahead of Badrinath Temple which is one of the holy pilgrim sites of Hinduism and part of Char Dham in Hinduism. There is a small cave in Mana called Vyas Guha and it is believed that Maharshi Ved Vyas composed Mahabharat in this cave. River Alaknanda which is one of the sources of River Ganges and Saraswati River meet at Mana Village.
15: Turtuk Village: Turtuk Village is the last village on India Pakistan Border in Leh district of Jammu & Kashmir. Turtuk is nearly 210KM from the Leh City and now it is one of the important places for visitors visiting Leh-Ladakh. Turtuk Village is predominantly a Muslim village, and the village was under Pakistan control till 1971 when it was taken under India’s control command of Major Chewang Rinchen. Turtuk village lies on the bank of River Shyaok and last border post of India is in Turtuk. Turtuk is the gateway to Siachen Glacier and and and route to Army Base Camp. One need permits to visit the Turtuk Village which can be easily obtained from Leh DM office.
16: Chushul Village: Chushul Village is the last village on India-China Border and from Chushul China is only 20Km. Chushul village is nearly 60KM from the famous Pangong Tso Lake and it lies in between Pangong Tso Lake and Rezang La War memorial. Chushul is a very small village and it serves as one of the four BPM (Border Personnel Meeting) point between Indian Army and People’s Liberation Army of China. The Other three BPM are Nathu La in Sikkim, Bum La Pass in Tawang district of Arunachal Pradesh and Lipulekh Pass in Uttarakhand.
17: Warshi Village: Warshi Village is another village in Nubra Valley of Jammu & Kashmir and it is 207 KM from Leh City. Until 2014 visit to Warshi Village was not allowed and it was the sole discretion of India Army to allow people there. After 2014, to boost the tourism in Nubra Valley Jammu & Kashmir government allowed India to go beyond Panamik Village up-to Warshi. Warshi Village has monasteries and Siachen Nallah which according to locals originates from Siachen Glacier. It is also the northernmost village of India like Turtuk Village and one can see the last Border Post of India from here. Visitors need the permit from Leh DC office to visit this place.
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