Welcome to the portal of world’s largest democracy i.e. India. You all know many facts about this great country but many of us are unaware of hundreds of other great facts about India. Through this article we will take you on a tour of India and provide you amazing and interesting facts about India.
India, as the name suggests is derived from the river Indus which flows in the northern-western part of the country. Apart from India it is also known as Hindustan, Bharat and Aryavarta. It is the world’s seventh largest country in terms of area stretching over 3.3 million sq. km. It is the home for a population of 1.2 billion people, thereby making it the world’s second most populated country. The Union of India has twenty-nine states and seven union territories. It is world’s largest democracy and the number of people who cast their vote in the General Election of 2014 was equivalent to 4 times the total population of Brazil. It is located in south of Asia and the Himalaya Mountain Range act as a boundary between Indian mainland and the rest of Asia.
In terms of latitude and longitude it extends from 6° 44’N to 35° 30’ N and 68° 7’E to 97° 25’E. Indian Standard Time(I.S.T) is calculated from 82° 5’ E longitude which passes through the city of Allahabad in Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Indian Standard Time is 5 hour 30 minutes ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (G.M.T).
India is a very diverse nation in terms of geography, culture, tradition and language. It is the birthplace of 4 major religions of the world i.e. Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism and it has world’s third largest Muslim population. As per the the Indian Constitution, India has 22 scheduled languages, apart from this it has 122 major languages and 1599 other languages. Hindi is the most widely spoken language of Indians and after U.S.A, English is the second most spoken language in India. Bengali and Tamil are two other Indian languages that come in top 10 most spoken languages of the world.
Indian history has seen a large number of rulers, dynasties and invaders. Indus Valley Civilization was one of the oldest civilization in the world that flourished here. It has been ruled by emperors like Alexander, Ashoka, Prithviraj Chauhan, Krishna Deva Rai, Akbar etc. After the end of Mughal Dynasty, it was ruled by East India Company and then directly by the British Crown. India achieved independence in the year 1947 after 200 years of struggle and Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of country. India is officially known as “Republic of India [Bharat Gaṇarajya]”, and its capital is New Delhi.
The Constitution of India is the main source of all the laws governing the country. It came into effect when India became Republic on 26th January 1950. Since then 26th January is celebrated as Republic Day of India. Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution in the world and it took 2 years 11 months and 18 days to write the Constitution. The whole constitution has 448 articles divided in 25 parts and 12 schedules and 5 appendices.
Interesting Facts About India.
Invention and Discovery
- Indian mathematician Aryabhatta invented zero. Many Jain religious texts have evidences of use of zero and later it was adopted by Arabs.
- Chess was invented in India and it was known as Shataranja in India. Also the game of Snakes & Ladders was developed in India and evidences show that it was played during the 13th century.
- Ayurveda is regarded as the earliest school of medicine known to humans. Takshila is considered as the world’s first university which is now in Pakistan. India has one more ancient university, Nalanda in the Indian state of Bihar.
- According to Gemological Institute of America, India was the only source of Diamonds till 1896.
Religion and Gathering
- The Vishnu Temple in Tirupathi, also known as Tirumala Venkateswara Temple is situated in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is considered as the world’s largest religious pilgrim destination. With devotees ranging from 30-40 million annually it surpasses Rome and Mecca.
- World’s largest religious building, Angkor Wat is a Hindu Temple in Cambodia dedicated to lord Vishnu.
- Every 12 years, a religious gathering Kumbh Mela takes place in India. It is world’s largest peaceful gathering. On 10th February 2013, the day of “Mauni Amavasya“, 30 million people bathed in the holy water of Ganges River.
- Padmanabhaswamy Temple in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala is the richest temple in the world. It is dedicated to lord Vishnu of Hinduism. As per the findings, it has assets worth more than 19 billion US dollars or 1.2 trillion INR.
Greatest & Largest
- India has the largest number of post offices in the world. Indian Postal Service with 154,900 post offices is regarded as the most distributed postal system in the world.
- Indian Railways has world’s 4th largest rail network and it employs 1.6 million people. The number of people traveling in Indian Railways is roughly 25 million per day which is like shifting the entire population of Australia. Annually 8 billion people travel in Indian Railways which is almost equal to the entire world’s population.
- Baily Bridge at an elevation of 5062 meters is highest bridge in the world. It is located in the state of Jammu & Kashmir between the Dras River and Suru River.
Siachen Glacier is the highest battle field in the world and it is under the control of Indian Army. It is 5000 m above the sea level.
- In terms of economy Indian Economy is 10th largest by nominal GDP and 3rd largest in Purchasing Power Parity (PPP).
- It has world’s third largest active military with estimated expenditure of 48 billion US dollar every year. India got the status of nuclear weapon state in 1975.
- MALAYALAM, a language spoken in the state of Kerala is the longest palindrome of world.
- Indian Ocean is only ocean in the world which is named after a country i.e. India.
- Indian former president Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam visited Switzerland on May 26th since then this day is celebrated as Science Day in Switzerland.
This post can be assumed as the tip of iceberg when compared to the facts about India that we have provided in this article. In reality India is a very diverse nation, and only the entire African continent is ahead of India in terms of linguistic, genetic and cultural diversity and therefore, entire globe refers it as a country with “Unity in diversity”. We would be covering more amazing and interesting facts about India in our upcoming articles.
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